Mobility in the European Union (2023)

Expired residence permits

If the request for extension is submitted before the expiry date of the residence permit, the fiction of continued validity of the residence permit becomes valid by force of law from the submission of the request (Article 81.º, n.º 4, first sentence of the Residence Act [AufenthG]). This also applies if the request is made informally. Schengen visas are an exception to this rule.

Contact the relevant immigration authorities in time to request an extension. The immigration authority responsible for you can be identified byWebGIS.

(Video) EU Mobility Package Information Video

Use compensation for short-term work

Receiving compensation for short-term work does not affect the validity of the residence permit. A person's means of livelihood are considered secure in principle if they can be financed without resorting to public funds. At the same time, receiving benefits based on contributions does not represent the use of public funds (Article 2, paragraph 3, second sentence, paragraph 6 of the Law on Residence). Therefore, a person's life is taken for granted, even if he receives short-term compensation for his work.

Receiving the short-term work subsidy also does not adversely affect residence permits, such as the Blue Card, which have a salary cap, if the salary falls below the relevant salary cap.

(Video) European Identity and mobility programmes

Always contact the appropriate immigration authorities if you are affected by short-term work.

Exceeding the period of six months for staying abroad

As a rule, the residence permit ceases to be valid if its holder stays abroad for more than six months without interruption (Article 51, No. 1, No. 7 of the Law on Residence). Generous extensions can be granted to people with German residence permits who are currently abroad and who cannot return within six months due to the current situation, provided they apply before the period expires.

(Video) 5G CARMEN | 5G for Connected and Automated Road Mobility in the European UnioN

Please contact the relevant immigration authorities immediately in this regard.

Entry and stay as part of EU mobility

Students, researchers and intra-company transferees who already have a residence permit from another EU member state can enter and stay in Germany as part of EU mobility. Short-term mobility does not require a German residence permit; the host entity in the first EU member state, i.e. the host higher education institution, the host research organization in Germany only has to send a notification to the Federal Office. Despite the current situation, the usual entry and stay rules apply:

(Video) Urban Mobility European Union

  • In principle, mobile students can enter Germany 30 days after the Federal Office receives a complete notification if the Office does not refuse within that period.
  • Mobile researchers and intra-company transferees may enter the country after full notification has been received by the Federal Office.

However, please note that entry restrictions are currently in place at the borders. Due to the measures introduced in connection with the corona, entry controls and even the return of people are possible. If a refusal is subsequently issued, mobile third-country nationals must terminate their stay without undue delay and leave the country.

A stay as part of mobility is only possible with a valid residence permit issued by another EU member state. If the residence permit of another country expires during your stay in Germany, and it is not possible to extend it in time due to the current situation, the competent immigration authority must be notified without delay.

(Video) Sustainable and smart mobility in Europe


Mobility in the European Union? ›

EU citizens may not only travel within the EU freely and reside in other EU countries, but they may also work in another member state. These freedoms are defined and protected by treaties.

What is the EU policy for mobility? ›

The EU works with cities and regions to develop a sustainable urban mobility policy, including efficient public transport systems and good connectivity throughout their home country. It also strives to improve the quality of life in cities by promoting active mobility solutions, such as walking and cycling.

Can you move freely within the EU? ›

All EU citizens and their family members have the right to move and reside freely within the EU. This fundamental right is established by Article 21 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union and Article 45 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

What is intra EU mobility? ›


Action of persons (EU nationals or legally resident third-country nationals ) undertaking their right to free movement by moving from one EU Member State to another.

What is the EU Directorate General for Mobility and Transport? ›

The Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission responsible for transport within the European Union. DG MOVE was created on 17 February 2010 when energy was split from it to form the new DG Ener.

What is the EU transport policy? ›

EU transport policy helps keep the European economy moving by developing a modern infrastructure network that makes journeys quicker and safer, while promoting sustainable and digital solutions.

What are EU roaming rules? ›

When you travel outside your home country to another EU country, you don't have to pay any additional charges to use your mobile phone. This is known as "roaming" or "roam like at home". Your calls (to mobile and fixed phones), text messages (SMS) and data use (web browsing, music and video streaming etc.)

What is the EU 3 month rule? ›

The maximum stay in most European countries is strictly limited for Britons post-Brexit, with holidaymakers only able to visit for a total of just under three months in any 180-day period.

What is the 90 day rule for EU citizens? ›

READ ALSO: How does the 90-day rule work for the EU/Schengen area? The 90-day limit is meant for visits only, so people who intend to become residents have to follow different procedures. Anyone who wants to stay longer than 90 days in every 180 must apply for a national visa for the country they intend to visit.

What is the easiest EU country to get citizenship in? ›

Some of the easiest European countries to get citizenship through a residence permit are:
  • Portugal.
  • Malta.
  • Spain.
  • Netherlands.
  • Poland.
  • Belgium.
  • Ireland.
  • Sweden.
May 16, 2023

What is intra EU vs extra EU? ›

Extra-EU transactions of the EU as a whole are the sum of the extra-EU transactions of the EU Member States. Intra-EU, on the other hand, refers to all transactions occurring within the EU.

What is the EU connectivity strategy? ›

The new connectivity strategy is new in two ways: It is an attempt to internalize the logic of strategic competition when making decisions about connectivity; and it is an attempt to increase EU visibility through better branding.

What is conditionality in the EU? ›

Under the conditionality regulation, the Commission will propose appropriate and proportionate measures to the Council in case rule of law breaches in a given Member State threaten the EU financial interests. The Council will then take a final decision on the proposal of measures.

What is the Agency for Mobility and EU programs? ›

The Agency for Mobility and EU Programmes (AMEUP) is the National Agency responsible for the implementation of the following Programmes and initiatives in Croatia. Erasmus+ is the EU's biggest programme to support education, training, youth and sport in Europe.

How do I take public transport in Europe? ›

City Transit Tips for Europe
  1. Use a transit app. ...
  2. Stay oriented with a paper transit-system map. ...
  3. Learn what's covered by a ticket. ...
  4. Consider your ticket options. ...
  5. Don't try to travel for free. ...
  6. If confused, ask for help. ...
  7. Expect pickpockets.

What are EU operators? ›

EU operator means a person on whom an obligation to hold stock has been, or is to be, imposed by another member State; Sample 1Sample 2Sample 3.

What are the 4 main transportations way around Europe? ›

There are four main ways to travel around Europe: by plane, train, bus, and car.

What are the modes of transport in EU? ›

Road, rail, air and water transportation are all prevalent and important across Europe.

What are three issues the EU transport policy addresses? ›

It advocated the opening up of transport markets, extending the Trans-European Transport Network, improving safety and harmonising social provisions.

Which countries are roaming free in Europe? ›

The Roaming Regulation 2022 ((EU) 2022/612) bans roaming charges (Eurotariff) within the European Economic Area (EEA), which consists of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.

What countries are covered by EU roaming? ›

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland (including Aland), France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malta, Martinique, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal (including Azores and ...

Who does not charge for roaming in EU? ›

Roaming charges in Europe
ProviderChargesWho is affected?
GiffgaffNo extra charges on up to 5GB of dataAll customers
iD MobileNo extra charges (data cap based on your monthly plan cost)-
LebaraNo extra charges-
O2No extra charges-
11 more rows
Apr 25, 2023

What happens if you go over 90 days in Europe? ›

If you overstay 90 days in the EU, you risk deportation. Countries can legally imprison you, deport you, or give you a limited number of days to leave. That said, deportation is rarely enforced for a visitor who isn't attempting to work illegally or claim benefits.

What is the EU 25% rule? ›

Working in two or more EU Member States

You are insured in your country of residence if you: spend 25% or more of your time working in that country. or provide 25% or more of your services in that county. receive at least 25% of your income from that country.

How long do you have to stay out of Europe after 90 days? ›

Most visitors (including Americans) are allowed to spend 90 days in the Schengen Area in every 180-day period. The easiest way to think of it is that you can visit for 3 months and then you have to leave for 3 months before you can return.

How long can a US citizen stay in Europe? ›

With a valid U.S. passport, you can stay up to 90 days for tourism or business during any 180-day period. Do not overstay! You must wait an additional 90 days before applying to re-enter the Schengen area. To stay longer than 90 days, you must have a visa.

Can I stay in Europe for 6 months? ›

Your total stay in the Schengen area must be no more than 90 days in every 180 days. It does not matter how many countries you visit. The 180-day period keeps 'rolling'. To work out if your stay is within the 90 day limit, use the following steps.

How long can an American stay in the UK? ›

You can visit the UK as a Standard Visitor for tourism, business, study (courses up to 6 months) and other permitted activities. You can usually stay in the UK for up to 6 months. You might be able to apply to stay for longer in certain circumstances, for example to get medical treatment.

What is the hardest citizenship to get in Europe? ›

Austria is located in the heart of Europe and is bordered by eight other countries, making it one of the most difficult places to become a naturalized citizen. The process requires 12 years of continuous residency, including three years of marriage to an Austrian citizen, and passing a language test.

How can an American become EU citizen? ›

How Do You Become an EU Citizen?
  1. Apply for citizenship in any EU country.
  2. Stay in the EU for five years.
  3. Apply for permanent residency, which you can do after living in the EU for five years, staying legally.
Oct 28, 2022

What is the easiest way for an American to get EU citizenship? ›

What is the easiest way to get EU citizenship? The easiest way to apply for European citizenship is by ancestry or descent. You can apply for citizenship if you have parents, grandparents, or even great-grandparents from EU nations such as Italy, Poland, Hungary, Ireland, and others.

What is the difference between joining EU and NATO? ›

Unlike NATO, the EU pursues a foreign policy in its own right—based on consensus, and member states have equipped it with tools in the field of defence and crisis management; the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) structure. Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.

What makes the EU different from the international system? ›

The unique feature of the EU is that although the Member States all remain sovereign and independent states, they pool together some of their sovereignty in areas where this has an added value.

What is the EU equivalent of global entry? ›

The Entry/Exit System (EES)EN••• will be an automated IT system for registering travellers from third-countries, both short-stay visa holders and visa exempt travellers, each time they cross an EU external border.

What are the 5 priorities of the EU global strategy? ›

Peace and security, prosperity, democracy and a rules-based global order are the vital interests underpinning our external action.

What is Europe Green strategy? ›

Making 25% of EU agriculture organic, by 2030. Reduce by 50% the use of pesticides by 2030. Reduce the use of Fertilizers by 20% by 2030. Reduce nutrient loss by at least 50%.

What is the EU strategy for digitalization? ›

The EU digital strategy comprises several acts: The Data Governance Act creates a new way of managing data to increase trust in and facilitate data sharing. The Digital Markets Act creates fair and contestable markets for innovation, growth, and competitiveness in the digital sector.

What is cohesion EU? ›

Cohesion policy is EU's main investment policy and targets all regions in the European Union in order to support job creation, business competitiveness, economic growth, sustainable development, and to improve citizens' quality of life.

What is the EU cohesion policy? ›

EU Cohesion Policy contributes to strengthening economic, social and territorial cohesion in the European Union. It aims to correct imbalances between countries and regions. It delivers on the Union's political priorities, especially the green and digital transition.

What is EU lobbying? ›

Lobbying in the European Union, also referred to officially as European interest representation, is the activity of representatives of diverse interest groups or lobbies who attempt to influence the executive and legislative authorities of the European Union through public relations or public affairs work.

What is the EU version of Darpa? ›

The Joint European Disruptive Initiative (JEDI) is a European funding agency aiming at promoting disruptive technologies.
Joint European Disruptive Initiative.
TypeFunding agency
HeadquartersParis, France
LocationEuropean Union
PresidentAndré Loesekrug-Pietri
Vice-PresidentAntoine Petit
1 more row

Who can apply for Horizon Europe? ›

Horizon Europe is open to all legal entities. This means that individuals, researchers, businesses, institutions, universities, associations, organisations, etc. established in an EU Member State or a country associated with Horizon Europe can participate and receive funding from the programme.

What is the EU adaptation mission? ›

The EU Mission on Adaptation to Climate Change portalEN••• was launched on 1 April 2023, providing relevant knowledge, data and resources to European regional and local authorities to prepare and plan for climate resilience.

How do most people get around in Europe? ›

Transportation in Europe

Trains are generally the best way to get around in Europe. The rail network is comprehensive, ticket costs are rather affordable, and the scenery is gorgeous. Trains are a great way to visit many destinations quickly and efficiently. We loved travelling by train in Europe!

Which European city has free public transport? ›

Two European countries stand out for their trailblazing free transport schemes. Estonia's capital Tallinn introduced free public transport in 2013. In 2020, Luxembourg became the first country in the world to scrap fares on all public transport.

Can you get around Europe without a car? ›

Take a Bus

A very cheap way to travel around Europe, including between cities, or across borders is using the bus. You'll find various bus companies available including Flixbus and Regiojet which offer very cheap and competitive fares.

What is an EU economic operator? ›

Economic Operator: Distributor

The legal entity that takes the product once it's already in Europe and transfers it to another distributor or the end user.

What is an EU contract agent? ›

Contract agents 3a are employed. in function group I by all Commission services to carry out exclusively. manual or administrative support tasks. in function groups I, II, III and IV by administrative offices of the. Commission, EPSO, EC Representations and EU Delegations.

What is intra-EU supply of goods? ›

What is an intra-EU supply? An intra-EU supply of goods is a transaction in which goods are dispatched or transported by (or on behalf of) the supplier or the customer from one EU country to a destination in another EU country.

What is the EU integration criteria? ›

Joining the EU

These conditions are known as the 'Copenhagen criteria' and include a stable democracy and the rule of law, a functioning market economy and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro.

What does EU mean in globalization? ›

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic alliance of 27 countries. The EU promotes democratic values in its member nations and is one of the world's most powerful trade blocs. Nineteen of the countries share the euro as their official currency.

What is EU external competence? ›

The EU's external responsibilities are defined in accordance with whether they are conferred on the EU or on the Member States. These responsibilities are: exclusive—where exercised entirely by the Union (for example, the common agricultural policy) and.

What is intra Community in the EU? ›

The intra-Community supply and acquisition of goods occurs where goods are dispatched or transported between businesses in different Member States (MS) of the European Union (EU). For Value-Added Tax (VAT) purposes, two transactions are deemed to occur: intra-Community acquisition (ICA)

What is the total value of intra-EU trade? ›

Evolution of intra-EU trade in goods

The seasonally adjusted value of monthly total exports of goods for EU Member States to other Member States is shown in Figure 1. Between January 2002 and December 2022 exports of goods increased from €120 billion to €363 billion.

What is EU common customs tariff? ›

The 'Common Customs Tariff' (CCT) therefore applies to the import of goods across the external borders of the EU. The tariff is common to all EU members, but the rates of duty differ from one kind of import to another depending on what they are and where they come from.

What are the three pillars of EU integration? ›

The Maastricht Treaty altered the former European treaties and created a European Union based on three pillars: the European Communities, the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) and cooperation in the field of justice and home affairs (JHI).

What are the 4 principles of the EU? ›

The common principles and values that underlie life in the EU: freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law, promoting peace and stability.

Why is the EU a global superpower? ›

While the EU is a superpower in the sense that it is the largest political union, single market and aid donor in the world, it is not a superpower in the defence or foreign policy spheres.

What is EU easily explained? ›

The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 27 European countries. The EU that we know today has its roots in several treaties signed in the aftermath of the Second World War.

What are the economic advantages of the European Union? ›

The EU is the largest trade bloc in the world. It is the world's biggest exporter of manufactured goods and services, and the biggest import market for over 100 countries. Free trade among its members was one of the EU's founding principles. This is possible thanks to the single market.

What is skills for the future EU? ›

Skills for the Future is a groundbreaking secondary education programme, fostering the next generation of entrepreneurs in Europe; empowering them with the insights, skills and confidence to innovate solutions to the numerous and complex challenges ahead.

Why does the EU have exclusive competence? ›

1. Exclusive competences of the EU (Article 3 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)). Areas in which the EU alone is able to legislate and adopt binding acts. Member States are able to do so themselves only if given the powers by the EU to implement these acts.

What is the EU cohesion objective? ›

Cohesion Policy is the EU's main investment policy. Cohesion Policy targets all regions and cities in the European Union in order to support job creation, business competitiveness, economic growth, sustainable development, and improve citizens' quality of life.


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