SDS for ethanol, Safety and technical data sheets (2023)


According to UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Date of creation: July 15, 2019

Review date: July 15, 2019

SECTION 1: Identification

1.1GHS product identifier

Product name


1.2Other means of identification

product number


Other names

ethanol; Ethyl alcohol

1.3Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses


Uses not recommended

no data available

1.4supplier details




1,5emergency phone number

emergency phone number

Working hours

From Monday to Friday, from 9:00 to 17:00 (standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

2.1classification of substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

2.2Elements of the GHS label, including precautionary statements

icons) SDS for ethanol, Safety and technical data sheets (1)
sign word


danger signs)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

Precautionary Statements)

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other sources of ignition. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond containers and containment equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilation/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use tools that are not honest.

P243 Take measures to avoid static discharge.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/ear protection/...


P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse the affected areas with water [or take a shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.


P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep calm.


P501 Dispose of contents/container in appropriate facilities for processing and disposal in accordance with applicable laws and regulations and product characteristics at the time of disposal.

2.3Other hazards that do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients


Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Ethanol Ethanol 64-17-5 200-578-6 100%

SECTION 4: First aid measures

4.1Description of necessary first aid measures

if inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

After skin contact

Remove contaminated clothing. Rinse and then wash the skin with soap and water.

after eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if possible), then consult a doctor.

after ingestion

Rinse your mouth. Seek medical help.

4.2Most important symptoms/effects, both acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 127 [Flammable liquids (water miscible)]: Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire can produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control systems can cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

FUMES: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. LIQUID: Not harmful. (USCG, 1999)

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include irritation. Ingestion may cause mucosal irritation. Eye contact may cause immediate pain and conjunctival hyperemia, but without serious injury. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound may cause local irritation. It can also cause mucosal irritation. When it is heated to decomposition, it emits smoke and acrid smoke. (NTP, 1992)

4.3Indication of emergency medical assistance and special treatment, if necessary

Emergency and supportive measures: 1. Acute intoxication. Treatment is mostly supportive. The. Protect the airway to prevent aspiration and intubate and assist with ventilation if necessary. B. Give glucose and thiamine and treat coma and seizures if they occur. Glucagon is not effective for alcohol-induced hypoglycemia. w. Correct hypothermia with gradual rewarming. d. Most patients recover within 4-6 hours. Monitor children until their blood alcohol level falls below 50 mg/dL and there is no evidence of hypoglycemia. 2. Alcoholic ketoacidosis. Treat with volume replacement, thiamine and additional glucose. Most patients recover quickly. 3. Alcohol abstinence. Treat with benzodiazepines.

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

5.1Suitable fire extinguishing agents

If the material is on fire or involved in a fire: Do not extinguish the fire unless the flow can be stopped. Use water in large quantities as a mist. Hard jets of water can be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with large amounts of water. Apply water as much as possible. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 127 [Flammable liquids (miscible with water)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Vapors can form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors can travel to the ignition source and back. Most vapor is heavier than air. They will spread through the soil and accumulate in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). danger of steam explosion indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Substances marked with (P) can polymerize explosively when heated or involved in fire. Runoff into sewers may cause fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

FLAMMABLE. A flash may occur along the vapor trail. Vapor may explode if ignited indoors. (USCG, 1999)

This chemical is likely to be flammable. (NTP, 1992)

5.3Special protective actions for firefighters

Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep barrels, etc., cool by spraying with water.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

6.1Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Remove all sources of ignition. Ventilation. DO NOT flush down the drain. Collect spilled and leaking liquid in covered containers as much as possible. Absorb the remaining liquid in an inert absorbent. Wash off the residue with plenty of water. Store and dispose of in accordance with local regulations.

6.2environmental protection measures

Ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Collect leaks and spills in sealable containers as much as possible. Wash off the residue with plenty of water.

6.3Methods and materials for containment and cleaning

Spills on the ground: Apply suitable foam to reduce vapor and fire hazards.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

7.1Precautions for safe handling

NO flame, no sparks and no smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. DO NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling. NO contact with incompatible materials: See Handling Chemical Hazards in a well-ventilated area. Wear appropriate protective clothing. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid creating dust and aerosols. Use non-sparking tools. Avoid fire caused by electrostatic discharge fumes.

7.2conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fire resistant. Separated from strong oxidants. Keep well closed, cool and away from flame.

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1control parameters

Occupational exposure limit values

TLV: 1000 ppm as STEL; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen of unknown relevance to humans). MAX: 380 mg/m3, 200 ppm; peak restriction category: II(4); carcinogenic category: 5; pregnancy risk group: C; mutagenic group of germ cells: 5

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2Adequate technical controls

Ensure adequate ventilation. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Set up emergency exits and de-escalation area.

8.3Personal protective measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

eye/face protection

Wear safety glasses.

skin protection

Protective clothing. Apron. Protective gloves.

Respiratory protection

Use ventilation, local exhaust or respiratory protection.

thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety features

mental state





Smooth, quite pleasant; like wine or whiskey

Melting point/freezing point

-114°C. Bankomat. prem.:1 atm.

Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

78.29°C. ATM. pressure: 1,013.25 hPa.


Flammable liquid Class IB: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.

Lower and upper explosive limit/flammability limit

Lower flammability limit: 3.3% by volume; Upper flammability limit: 19% by volume

Fire place

13°C. Bankomat. prem.:1 atm.

Auto-ignition temperature

368.8 °C. Notes: 368.8 +/- 7.4°C.

decomposition temperature

no data available


no data available

Kinematic viscosity

dynamic viscosity (in mPa s) = 1.17. Temperature: 20°C. Notes: Value attributed to Kirk Othmer.


mix with water

n-octanol/water partition coefficient

log Pow = -0,35. Temperatura: 24 °C.

Thank you

57.26 hPa. Temperature: 19.6 °C.

Density and/or relative density

786,4 kg/m3 Temperatura: 25 °C.

Relative vapor density

1,59 (vs ar)

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity


3300 ppm [Based on a 10% lower explosive limit for safety reasons, although relevant toxicological data indicate that irreversible health effects or reduced leaching exist only at higher concentrations.]

It reacts slowly with calcium hypochlorite, silver oxide and ammonia. This poses a risk of fire and explosion. Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as nitric acid, silver nitrate, mercuric nitrate and magnesium perchlorate. This poses a risk of fire and explosion.

10.2chemical stability

no data available

10.3Possibility of dangerous reactions

Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame. Steam mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed. Acetyl chloride reacts violently with ethanol or water [Rose, (1961)]. Acetyl bromide reacts violently with alcohols or water, [Merck 11th edition, 1989]. Mixtures of alcohol with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Example: An explosion will occur if dimethylbenzylcarbinol is added to 90% hydrogen peroxide and then acidified with concentrated sulfuric acid. A mixture of ethyl alcohol and concentrated hydrogen peroxide creates powerful explosives. Mixtures of hydrogen peroxide and 1-phenyl-2-methylpropyl alcohol tend to explode if acidified with 70% sulfuric acid, [Chem. Eng. News 45(43):73(1967); J, Org. chem. 28:1893 (1963)]. Alkyl hypochlorites are highly explosive. They are easily obtained by the reaction of hypochloric acid and alcohol in aqueous or mixed aqueous solutions of carbon tetrachloride. Chlorine and alcohols would similarly produce alkyl hypochlorites. They break down in the cold and explode when exposed to sunlight or heat. Tertiary hypochlorite is less volatile than secondary or primary hypochlorite, [NFPA 491M, 1991]. Base-catalyzed reactions of isocyanates with alcohols should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvent generally occur with explosive violence, [Wischmeyer (1969)].

10.4conditions to be avoided

no data available

10.5incompatible materials

Many explosions have occurred during the gravimetric determination of perchlorate or potassium as potassium perchlorate by a standard method involving ethanol extraction. During subsequent heating, the formation and explosion of ethyl perchlorate is very likely.

10.6Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 - rat (female) - 15,010 mg/kg body weight.
  • Inhalation: LC50 - mouse (male) - > 60,000 ppm.
  • Dermal: No data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Sensitization of the respiratory system or skin

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available


A3; Confirmed animal carcinogen of unknown relevance to humans.

reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

The substance is very irritating to the eyes. High vapor levels irritate the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance can cause effects on the central nervous system.

STOT repeated exposure

The substance degreases the skin, which can cause dryness or cracking. The substance can affect the upper respiratory tract and the central nervous system. This can result in irritation, headaches, fatigue and lack of concentration. See notes.

risk of aspiration

Harmful air pollution will be achieved very slowly by the evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

SECTION 12: Ecological information


  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 - Pimephales Promelas - 14.2 g/L - 96 h.
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 - Ceriodaphnia dubia - 5,012 mg/L - 48 h.
  • Algae toxicity: EC10 - Chlorella vulgaris - 86 mg/L - 4 d.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: IC50 - activated sludge from domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants - > 1,000 mg/L - 3 h.

12.2Durability and degradability

AEROBIC: Ethanol has been shown to be biodegradable under aerobic conditions in several screening tests using different inoculum types and incubation periods (1-7). Theoretical 5-day BOD values ​​range from 37% to 86% (1,4). Biodegradation of 3, 7 and 10 mg/L ethanol with wastewater seed filtered in fresh water resulted in theoretical BOD of 74% in 5 days and 84% in 20 days; in salt water, 45% of the theoretical BOD was reached in 5 days, and 75% in 20 days (4). Formaldehyde and acetic acid are products of soil inoculum biodegradation (6). Ethanol present at a concentration of 100 mg/L achieved 89% of its theoretical BOD using a 30 mg/L activated sludge inoculum in the Japanese MITI test (7). Ethanol was rapidly degraded in aerobic microcosms prepared from sandy aquifer material with low organic matter content (0.2% organic carbon) obtained from Jurerê Beach, Brazil (8). Microcosms were prepared with 20 grams of water-bearing material and 50 mL of groundwater (pH 5.2). At an initial concentration of 100 mg/L, ethanol had a half-life of approximately 3 days in samples prepared with 20 mg/L benzene, toluene, or o-xylene under aerobic conditions (8).

12.3Bioaccumulation potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for ethanol(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.31(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to the classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests that the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4Mobility in soil

A log Koc of 0.44 was reported for ethanol (2), corresponding to a Koc of 2.75(SRC). According to the classification scheme (2), this estimated Koc value suggests that ethanol is expected to have very high mobility in soil. Ethanol leaching was measured using a shallow sand-gravel test aquifer in Merrick Co, central Platte Valley, Nebraska that was pulsed containing 220 mg/L ethanol and 12 mg/L bromide and monitored for 2.5 months. The delivery was not delayed. The average first-order decay constant was estimated to be 0.32/day, corresponding to a half-life of 2.2 days (3). The sorption coefficient on the snow surface was recorded as log K = -3.04 (accumulation of snow surface/m² air) at -6.8 degrees C (4).

12.5Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal Considerations

13.1Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to an authorized facility for chemical destruction or by controlled burning with flue gas cleaning. Do not contaminate water, food, feed or seed during storage or disposal. Do not discharge into the sewer.

contaminated packaging

Containers can be washed three times (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reprocessing. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to render it unusable for other purposes and then landfilled. For flammable packaging materials, controlled burning with flue gas purification is possible.

SECTION 14: Transport information


ADR/RID: UN1170 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: UN1170 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: UN1170 (For reference only, please check.)

14.2UN proper shipping name


14.3Transport hazard class(es).

ADR/RID: 3 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: 3 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: 3 (For reference only, please check.)

14.4Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: II (For reference only, please check.) IATA: II (For reference only, please check.)

14.5environmental hazards

ADR/RID: No IMDG: Ne Not here

14.6Special precautions for the user

no data available

14.7Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

15.1Safety, health and environmental standards specific to the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Ethanol Ethanol 64-17-5 200-578-6
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Description.
EC list Description.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) list. Description.
China Catalog of Hazardous Chemicals 2015 Description.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Description.
Philippine Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Description.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Description.
China Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Description.
Korean Existing Chemical Inventory (KECL) Description.

SECTION 16: Other information

Audit information

Creation date July 15, 2019
examination date July 15, 2019

Kratice i acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation on the international transport of dangerous goods by rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transport Association
  • TWA: Time weighted average
  • STEL: Short-term exposure limit
  • LC50: lethal concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective concentration 50%


  • IPCS - International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website:
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website:
  • eChemPortal - OECD global chemicals information portal, website:
  • CAMEO Chemicals, stranica:
  • ChemIDplus, page:
  • ERG - US Department of Transportation Emergency Response Guide, website:
  • Germany GESTIS-Database on dangerous substances, website:
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website:

other data

Ethanol consumption during pregnancy can have a negative effect on the fetus. Chronic intake of ethanol can cause liver cirrhosis and cancer.

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be accurate but is not complete and should be used as a guide only. The information in this document is based on the current state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product subject to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of product properties. We, as the supplier, are not responsible for any damage caused by handling or contact with the above product.


Where can you find SDS Safety Data Sheets )? ›

To access a SDS, search for it either with a general search engine, such as Google, or visit the specific manufacturer's or SDS service websites listed on the Environmental Health & Safety's website:

Where can I get MSDS sheets online? ›

Government and Non-Profit Sites
Internet SiteNumber of SDS
North American Emergency Response Guidebook3,714
The National Toxicology Program (National Institutes of Health)2,000+
The National Toxicology Program (National Institutes of Health)256
New Jersey Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets (NJHSFS)1,600+ English 900+ Español
11 more rows
Feb 25, 2023

What is the SDS of ethanol? ›

Main Hazard : Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Possible aspiration hazard if swallowed (can enter lungs and cause damage). May be irritating to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Over exposure may cause CNS depression.

How can I get MSDS sheets for free? ›

All suppliers of products that contain chemicals are required by law to provide Safety Data Sheets to their customers. Some suppliers will publish their SDS (MSDS) on their website where you can download them. Other suppliers will send the SDS files to you via email when you request them.

Where is the best place to find MSDS? ›

Go on the website of the manufacturer of the product.

Once you are on the manufacturer's website, see if they have a section where they make their MSDSs/SDSs available to the public. You can then search through their MSDSs/SDSs and locate the one for your product.

Are SDS sheets available electronically? ›

Employers often ask whether or not Safety Data Sheets or SDS's can be housed on an electronic or online system for employee use. The answer is yes if they are accessible to employees.

Are MSDS sheets public? ›

The public has a right to MSDS data upon request. They must be written in English and contain: the name of the chemical (same as on the label) the chemical and common names of the substance.

Who provides MSDS sheets? ›

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) (29 CFR 1910.1200(g)), revised in 2012, requires that the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer provide Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) (formerly MSDSs or Material Safety Data Sheets) for each hazardous chemical to downstream users to communicate information on these hazards.

Is ethanol considered hazardous? ›

Despite being a chemical common both at home and in labs, ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol, absolute alcohol, or EtOH) is a hazardous material.

What does SDS mean in alcohol? ›

Specially Denatured Spirits (SDS) are alcohol or rum which has been treated with denaturants to make it unfit for beverage use.

What is the hazardous code for ethanol? ›

UN 1170 Flammable Liquid Placard -- Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)

What hazard class is ethanol? ›

Safety Hazards

DOT designates typical fuel ethanol per as a Class 3 Flammable Liquid. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) considers typical fuel ethanol a Class IB flammable product.

What is the fire hazard of ethanol? ›

Ethanol has a flash point of 14 °C (57 °F), meaning it will catch fire at and above that temperature given an ignition source such as an open flame a spark, or even just a hot surface. o 70% ethanol in water, a common concentration in labs, has a flash point of 16 °C (61 °F) • Ethanol vapors will catch fire, so the ...

Is ethanol the same as alcohol? ›

When 2 carbons are present, the alcohol is called ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol). Ethanol is the form of alcohol contained in beverages including beer, wine, and liquor.

What is a Safety Data Sheet and where can I find it? ›

A Safety Data Sheet (formerly called Material Safety Data Sheet) is a detailed informational document prepared by the manufacturer or importer of a hazardous chemical. It describes the physical and chemical properties of the product.

Who is Safety Data Sheet SDS available in the workplace to? ›

Employers will be required to make sure that all hazardous products (as defined by the Hazardous Products Regulations have an up-to-date SDS when it enters the workplace. The SDSs must be readily available to the workers who are exposed to the hazardous product, and to the health and safety committee or representative.

Who provides Safety Data Sheets SDS for a specific product? ›

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) (29 CFR 1910.1200(g)), revised in 2012, requires that the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer provide Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) (formerly MSDSs or Material Safety Data Sheets) for each hazardous chemical to downstream users to communicate information on these hazards.

Where in the Safety Data Sheet could you find information about what to do if the chemical spills? ›

Section 6—Accidental release measures: Steps to take in the event of a spill or release involving the chemical. Includes: emergency procedures, protective equipment and proper methods of containment and cleanup.


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